Facts and Figures about Rural Women

Facts and Figures about  Rural Women

  • Rural Women make up over a quarter of the total world population.
  • In developing countries, rural women represent approximately 43 percent of the agricultural labor force
  • Produce process and prepare much of the food available, thereby giving them primary responsibility for food security. Bearing in mind that 76 percent of the extremely poor live in rural areas,
  • Ensuring rural women’s access to productive agricultural resources empowers women and contributes to decreasing world hunger and poverty.
  • Women and Poverty, one of the 12 critical areas of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action.
  • 75% of the world’s poor and hungry people live in rural areas.
  • Women produce 80% of our food.
  • Experts say that the People who are the most capable of fighting the war on hunger are rural women.
  • The agriculture sector is 4 times more effective at reducing poverty than any other sector.
  • Rural women are the strongest link between agriculture and good child nutrition.
  • Rural women work longer and have less stable employment than rural men.
  • Compared to rural men, rural women have less access to credit, education, agricultural supplies, etc.
  • Despite the critical role women play in food production and natural resources, they have ownership of only 1% of the land. Lack of access to and control over land has intensified women’s difficulties, their access to credit, technical assistance and participation, all essential for development.
  • The value of men’s livestock holdings is about twice that of women’s.
  • Giving women the same access as men to agricultural resources and inputs could increase production on women’s farms by 20- 30%, reducing the number of hungry people in the world by 100-150 million.
  • In households headed by women, members have less education than in those headed by men, in all countries.
  • In most countries, women in rural areas who work for wages are more likely than men to hold seasonal, part-time and low-wage jobs and women receive lower wages for the same work.6 Only one-third of rural women receive prenatal care compared to 50% in developing regions as a whole.
  • Women bear the primary responsibility for their families’ health education and nutrition. Research confirms that putting more income in the hands of women yields beneficial results in all those 3 fields.

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